The SHAKE Portfolio

SHAKE is a revolution in the way we drive agricultural innovation to combat climate change. We provide the expert advise, business acumen, and financial opportunity to bring bright ideas to life. Get to know the portfolio below.

Bridging the knowledge gap

Climate Edge New digital platform turns scientific knowledge into farmer (and climate) friendly advice

Knowledge, as they say, is power. Advisory services that provide farmers with real time information such as pest, disease or weather forecasts are proven in helping them make the right decisions at the right time - increasing yields and profits and driving down unnecessary additions of water or chemicals to their crops.

Valued at $5bn annually, there is a fast-growing market in delivering such digital services to areas such as East Africa, Latin America and India.

The major hurdle to this, though, is getting the information - based on a wealth of complex scientific research - into the hands of the growers in a form they can both understand and use.

Scientists generally lack the expertise needed to build scalable digital products and consequently, the vast majority of their knowledge goes uncommercialised.

Social-enterprise Climate Edge's digital platform solves this problem by bridging the gap between scientific research and scalable services.

By automating the key product development steps, such as turning mathematical models into operational code, hosting services on a scalable infrastructure, and making services available to farmers through an intuitive SMS interface, they are making once inaccessible information available to farmers directly through their local agribusinesses.

The Climate Edge team say scaling up just two services - irrigation scheduling and late blight sprays - within Kenya will save up to 70,000 tonnes of CO2 annually, with the company hoping to achieve revenues of £20k a month by the end of 2021.

Climate Edge were featured in "Small-scale Farmers Developing Resilience to COVID-19" IFAD investing in rural people podcast series, episode 18 at 20.40 into the podcast.

Climate Edge company website: Agricultural Software Services | Climate Edge (climate-edge.com)

Climate Edge company LinkedIn page: https://www.linkedin.com/company/climate-edge-limited/

SHAKE CC portfolio 2020.

Big challenge with a small solution

EcoNomad's proprietary technology is bringing biogases to the masses

As the old adage goes: 'where there's muck, there's brass'. But in reality, the economy of scale has always limited the financial opportunities to be had from farm waste to just the big players.

Which is a shame, because apart from the much-needed savings it brings, tonnes and tonnes of slurry, uneaten food, and crop residues that could be turned into climate friendly renewable energy and liquid fertilisers, currently aren't.

In the EU alone, 1.4 billion tonnes of farmyard manure are produced each year and only 8% of that amount is being processed - which by anyone's standards, is a lot of potential.

And whilst bio-digestion is nothing new, the reason Shake has funded EcoNomad is because their proprietary technology has cracked the scale issue - offering a viable option for smaller businesses looking to cut both their carbon footprint, and their running costs.

Their biogas and nutrient recovery systems are especially designed for small farms to turn their agricultural waste into biofuels for heating, and an enriched liquid fertiliser.

By EcoNomad's own estimates, a farmer with 50 cows - or equivalent - could save around £4-5k per annum by using the solution.

The technology was successfully tested and demonstrated over four years on an urban farm in the heart of London's Docklands, but the idea for it was born five thousand miles away.

"While I was working in Mexico, I saw first-hand the need for a scaled down version of these sort of technologies," says EcoNomad founder and CEO, Dr Ilan Adler. "And that this is a problem that is faced by smallholders the world over."

He was so convinced, he set up a non-governmental organisation - IRRI-Mexico - and helped found a successful social enterprise to promote eco-technologies in rural communities, with the result being the eventual development of EcoNomad in the UK along with business partner, Alex Demenko.

With two patents under their belt and a larger demonstration underway at Rothamsted Research, the pair plans their first sales this autumn.

EcoNomad company website: https://economad.co.uk/

EcoNomad company LinkedIn page: https://www.linkedin.com/company/economad/

SHAKE CC portfolio 2019.

Rubbish in, food out

In the war on waste, it's time to send in the tiny troops

How much of our refuse goes to landfill versus recycling is still a big issue in the UK - but imagine how big of a problem it is for developing countries that don't have sufficient waste management infrastructure.

It's a shame because a lot of biodegradable waste that could be put to good use elsewhere is just being dumped, either legally or illegally. Apart from all the other environmental costs, as this material rots, it produces potent greenhouse gases. In these situations, a low-cost intelligent technology that is easily employed without the need for extensive waste removal and disposal services would do well.

London based Entio Ltd think they have found just such a solution - albeit with assistance from an army of voracious little helpers. The larvae of Black Soldier Flies are great natural composters - readily devouring the sort of plant-based wastes typically produced by farms, whilst (once mother nature takes her course) also producing a nutrient rich fertiliser. But even better, the little wrigglers soon turn into protein rich adults who can be also turned into ingredients for aquaculture, pet and - dare we say it - human food stuffs.

Founders Rafael Cepeda and Camilo Wilisch say their edible protein and fertiliser production method produces negligible greenhouse gases, is low cost and easily employed across rural areas where biodegradable waste production is high - which can be as much as 80% of the refuse in some cocoa farming areas.

Entio company website: https://www.ent-io.com

SHAKE CC portfolio 2020.

Greater returns

Rather than tackle greenhouse gases head on, Glaia have found a clever way to get more crop from less carbon.

Many climate friendly technologies tackle the issue of emissions directly - but Bristol based duo Dr Imke Sittel and Dr David Benito decided to approach the problem from the other direction. What if we could improve current productivity without increasing the carbon footprint?

By increasing a crop's potential, it will produce the same yield with less inputs, which also means less emissions - in their case, a whopping 20% less.

Glaia's clever carbon-based nanotech improves the efficiency of photosynthesis - the energy producing process by which plants use carbon dioxide, water, and energy from the sun to fuel their growth.

You might think billions of years of evolution had fine tuned this to the max - but in fact, usually less than 1% of the sun's rays absorbed by plants are turned into biomass.

Adding Glaia's water soluble 'sugar dots' to the roots or leaves gives photosynthesis a much-needed boost.

The technology could revolutionise the production of staple and horticultural crops, but for now the team is focusing on hydroponic tomatoes and strawberries, where they estimate the added value could initially result in a fivefold return on investment.

The hope is to expand into the EU within four years, and North America within six. Globally, the market value of their product could be worth in excess of $1.5 billion for their first targeted crops.

Glaia CSO and co-founder Dr Sittel said: "Our mission is to enhance agricultural productivity and reduce pressure on natural resources by optimising plants' performance. Our first family of products, the sugar-dots, are able to enhance photosynthesis, the current bottleneck in biomass production.

"Our technology increases crop yields, and by allowing plants to use more of the available light they could be farmed outside their traditional growing regions by simply applying it alongside traditional farming treatments."

39 ways to save the planet � Phenomenal Photosynthesis

Glaia were featured in "39 Ways to Save the Planet" - a BBC series made in partnership with the Royal Geographical Society. Can we improve nature's engine room - the amazing process of photosynthesis?
https://www.bbc.co.uk/sounds/play/m000r5nz

Glaia company website: http://www.glaia.co.uk/

Glaia company LinkedIn page: https://www.linkedin.com/company/glaia/

SHAKE CC portfolio 2019.

A tasty nest egg?

Profits from this newly hatched idea certainly won't be chicken feed

Soya beans have become a battleground of sorts in the ongoing war over the climate impacts of our food, given that - directly and indirectly - it feeds vegan and meat eater alike.

Soya cultivation is responsible for mass deforestation, particularly in places like Brazil and every year the EU imports 39 million tonnes of soya, of which 35 million is destined for animal feed.

TV pictures of pristine tropical forest being destroyed provides a very graphic illustration of how our eating habits are impacting the planet, and it's just such images that drove Scottish poultry farmer Gordon Whiteford to come up with a completely new way to feed his own free-range hens.

As a Nuffield scholar, Gordon studied animal welfare across the world and saw the potential to develop a different system of feeding hens to reduce the reliance on soya.

The HE Feed system will be perfect for free range and organic systems, where about 23 million free range hens are reared every year.

Founder Gordon Whiteford LinkedIn page: https://www.linkedin.com/in/gordon-whiteford-11a6334b/

SHAKE CC portfolio 2019

Fatal Attraction

Sex, death and food are all in play when it comes to cutting the climate footprint of pest management say PheroSyn Ltd

Of the oft-cited concerns over pesticide use, climate change isn't usually high on the list.

However, when you factor in fossil fuel consumption during its manufacture and its application on farms, its considerable. For instance, the fuel used by UK wheat farms when spraying pesticides results in the equivalent of 385,000 tons of carbon dioxide emitted every year - the same as about 80,000 cars.

Scale that up globally, and less pesticide use is clearly a desirable outcome - but with an estimated 40% of the world's food supply at risk without protection from insects, we need alternatives.

Insect pheromones - the information rich, chemical scents that warn, inform, or attract other members of the same species - have been targeted as crucial tools for use in the next generation of pest management strategies to minimise pesticide use.

If the new strategies can hijack these pheromone communication channels, they can either attract insect pests somewhere else with the promise of sex, or can literally scare the pests out of a field.

What in fact they are doing is luring them to their deaths - resulting in a sticky end in a pheromone scented trap.

PheroSyn Ltd, a spin-out from Rothamsted Research, comprises a world-leading team of scientists with over 40 years' collective experience of researching and developing insect pheromone baits. The team plan to tap into the lucrative pheromone business - globally estimated to be worth $400 million a year and growing rapidly at a 15% annual growth rate.

By focusing initially on destructive midge pests that are not currently catered for by the other market players, the spin-out hopes to have sales of their market ready pheromones at the - 10 million mark within five years.

PheroSyn company website: https://www.pherosyn.com/

PheroSyn company LinkedIn page: https://www.linkedin.com/company/pherosyn-ltd/

SHAKE CC portfolio 2019.

Presenting SugaROx, No. 3 of SHAKE 2020 investments.

A spray controlling the botanical equivalent of blood sugar massively boosts yields

It’s oft reported that with a population approaching 9 billion, feeding the world will be a big task come 2050. The climate and land use impacts of all this extra agriculture will be enormous.

Luckily, start-up SugaROx - founded by Rothamsted’s Dr Matthew Paul, Dr Cara Griffiths, and Prof Ben Davis from Oxford University - might just have the solution.

Aside from the impact on farm outputs, this also increases land use efficiency and leads to a carbon-emissions - and a staggering 21% carbon emission saving per cropping season.

SugaROx’s proprietary technology consists of a modified form of T6P that can cross cell membranes, and the first product in the pipeline will be able to increase wheat yields without further input of water or fertiliser - a finding first published in @Nature Research Publishing.

The SugaROx team: @Dr Matthew Paul, @Dr Cara Griffiths and @Prof Ben Davis @BiancaForte and @Micheal Peagram will with the investment from SHAKE accelerate SugaROx’s development work and field trials programme. The company will soon be looking for partners with whom to test its first formulation.

SHAKE CC portfolio 2020.

Recover, Rotate, Regenerate

There is no waste in nature. Organic matter... matters.

The Tumblebug, or dung beetle, is the unsung hero of the natural world! With over 6000 species worldwide, they pull nutrients from manure and take them down into the soil. This helps feed the good bacteria and microbiology in the soil.

In a similar vein, Tumblebug Ltd have created a technology which draws from the work of the dung beetle. The brainchild of Environmental Scientist and Circular Economy Consultant, Sylvie Verinder and alpaca farmer, Drew Thomas, Tumblebug have created a sustainable solution for capturing and concentrating the nutrient value in livestock manure to return the nutrients efficiently to the soil – reducing reliance on synthetic fertilisers as well as acting as a revenue generator for farmers.

The problem of right nutrients, wrong place has been exacerbated by the increasingly specialised nature of agriculture in the UK. The Tumblebug: Recover, Rotate, Regenerate model works for livestock manure from dairy, pig, alpaca and poultry. The method creates a carbon positive regenerative product and enables the value in manure (and food waste) to be economically and sustainably transported from point of production to where the nutrients are needed.

Tumblebug’s clever system enable farmers to generate revenue from their ‘processed poo’ and in doing so become part of a growing cooperative, putting their names to a cleverly crafted peat alternative growing medium and agricultural fertiliser which will enrich the nation’s horticultural and agricultural soils.

Tumblebug tackle organic ‘waste’ at all stages of the ‘farm to fork’ journey - production, processing, retail and consumption. It supports segregation of organic waste from general waste - and it dewaters, sanitises and reduces the mass by up to 90%. Working with stakeholders to secure behaviour change, Tumblebug delivers significant reductions in waste management overheads, calculated carbon emission savings and supports compliance with 2023 mandatory segregation of organic waste.

This positive impact on the climate aligns with our mission at SHAKE and we welcome the opportunity to support Tumblebug’s venture.